[Explained] Know how your digital health ID card will help maintain your medical records
New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday launched the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission, saying it had the potential to bring “revolutionary changes in our health facilities”. Under this scheme, now every citizen in India will have a separate health ID.
The key components of PM-DHM include a health ID – unique 14-digit health identification- for every citizen that will also work as their health account. The national Health ID will be a repository of all health-related information of a person. The health ID will enable access and exchange of longitudinal health records of citizens with their consent.
The nationwide rollout of PM-DHM coincides with the National Health Authority (NHA) celebrating the third anniversary of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY).
On 15th August 2020, PM had announced the mission (Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission) from the ramparts of the Red Fort.
Currently, over one lakh unique health IDs have been created under the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM), which was initially launched across six states and Union territories on a pilot basis.
What is the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission from the ramparts of Red Fort on August 15 last year. The mission is currently being implemented in the pilot phase in six Union Territories.
The mission will include a health ID for every citizen that will also be used as their health account. Personal health records can be linked to this account and viewed with the help of a mobile application.
This health account will contain details of every test, every disease, the doctors visited for check-ups, the medicines taken and the diagnosis.
A Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) and Healthcare Facilities Registries (HFR) will act as a repository of all healthcare providers across both modern and traditional systems of medicine. This will ensure ease of doing business for doctors and hospitals and healthcare service providers.
How will a unique health ID work?
The scheme consists of four essential blocks — unique digital health ID, healthcare professionals registry, health facility registry and electronic health records.
The first objective of the scheme is to create a digital environment for healthcare via these four blocks. At a later stage, the government plans to integrate telemedicine and e-pharmacies.
A unique health ID, according to the government, is important to standardise the process of identification of an individual across healthcare providers. “The Health ID will be used for the purposes of uniquely identifying persons, authenticating them, and threading their health records (only with the informed consent of the patient) across multiple systems and stakeholders.”
To generate ID, the system will collect certain basic details including demographic and location, family/relationship, and contact details.
Apart from bringing doctors, the government will also create a comprehensive repository of all healthcare professionals working across both modern and traditional systems of medicine. It will also create a comprehensive repository of health facilities across India, including different systems of medicine.
“It includes both public and private health facilities including hospitals, clinics, diagnostic laboratories and imaging centers, pharmacies, etc.”
How will health records be created?
In the first step, a health ID will be created after which health information from an individual will be taken. This information will then be linked to the health ID, after taking the consent from those individuals. The information termed as ‘Personal Health Record-System (PHR)’ will enable an individual to manage information about his or her healthcare, according to the NDHM’s website. This includes viewing of a longitudinal record, consisting of all health data, lab reports, treatment details, discharge summaries across one or multiple health facilities.
The mission will create ‘Electronic medical record (EMR)’ which, as explained by the government, is a digital version of a patient’s chart. It contains the patient’s medical and treatment history.
This health account will contain details of every test, every disease, the doctors visited, the medicines are taken, and the diagnosis. This information will be very useful as it is portable and easily accessible even if the patient shifts to the new place and visits a new doctor.